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Table of Contents > Drug > Ciprofloxacin (Systemic) Print

Ciprofloxacin (Systemic)

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Notes
Related terms
Uses
Dosing
Safety
Author information

Notes

    Related terms
    • Brand Names: U.S.: Cipro®;Cipro® I.V.;Cipro® XR
    • Brand Names: Canada: Apo-Ciproflox®;Cipro®;Cipro® XL;CO Ciprofloxacin;Dom-Ciprofloxacin;Mint-Ciprofloxacin;Mylan-Ciprofloxacin;Novo-Ciprofloxacin;PHL-Ciprofloxacin;PMS-Ciprofloxacin;PRO-Ciprofloxacin;RANT-Ciprofloxacin;ratio-Ciprofloxacin;Riva-Ciprofloxacin;Sandoz-Ciprofloxacin;Taro-Ciprofloxacin
    • Pharmacologic Category: Antibiotic, Quinolone

    Uses
    • It is used to treat bacterial infections.
    • Ciprofloxacin works to harm the bacteria and fight the infection.

    Dosing

    How to take

    • To gain the most benefit, do not miss doses.
    • Use as you have been told, even if you are feeling better.
    • Take this drug at the same time of day.
    • Take with or without food. Take with food if it causes an upset stomach.
    • There is a liquid (suspension) if you cannot swallow pills. Shake well before use.
    • Those who have feeding tubes may crush the tablet and mix with water. Flush feeding tube before and after this drug is given. Stop tube feeding for at least 1 hour before and 2 hours after the dose.
    • Do not put liquid suspension down a feeding tube.
    • Drink lots of noncaffeine liquids unless told to drink less liquid by your doctor.
    • Long-acting products:
    • Swallow whole. Do not chew, break, or crush.
    • You may take with meals that have dairy products. Do not take with only dairy products.
    • Shot:
    • It is given as a shot into a vein over a period of time.

    Missed Dose

    • Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it.
    • If it is close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time.
    • Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.
    • Do not change the dose or stop this drug. Talk with the doctor.

    Storage

    • Store tablets at room temperature.
    • Protect tablets from water. Do not store in a bathroom or kitchen.
    • Store liquid (suspension) at room temperature or in a refrigerator. Do not freeze. Throw away any part not used after 2 weeks.
    • Shot:
    • Store as you have been told by your doctor.

    Safety



    Warnings

    • This drug may raise the chance of tendons getting irritated and tearing. The chance is greater in people over the age of 60; heart, kidney, or lung transplant patients; or people taking steroid drugs. Call your doctor right away if you have pain in the back of the ankle or joint pain or swelling.
    • Do not take if you have myasthenia gravis. Very bad effects may happen.
    • Unsafe side effects may happen. This drug cannot be taken while you are taking some other drugs. Check all the drugs you are taking with your doctor.
    • Please read the medication guide.

    Avoid

    • If you have an allergy to ciprofloxacin or any other part of this drug.
    • If you have had tendons get irritated or torn when taking this drug or an alike drug in the past.
    • Tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs. Make sure to tell about the allergy and what signs you had. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
    • If you have myasthenia gravis.

    Precautions

    • Use care in children younger than 18 years of age. Talk with the doctor.
    • If you have kidney disease, talk with your doctor.
    • If you have low potassium levels, talk with your doctor.
    • If you have seizures, talk with your doctor.
    • If you are taking a blood thinner, have your blood work checked. Talk with your doctor.
    • If you are taking theophylline, have your blood work checked. Talk with your doctor.
    • Check all drugs you are taking with your doctor. This drug may not mix well with some other drugs.
    • Take this drug 2 hours before or 6 hours after antacids, some didanosine products, multivitamins with minerals, diet aids, or sucralfate.
    • Limit your use of caffeine (for example, tea, coffee, cola) and chocolate. Use with this drug may cause nervousness, shakiness, and a fast heartbeat.
    • You may get sunburned more easily. Avoid sun, sunlamps, and tanning beds. Use sunscreen and wear clothing and eyewear that protects you from the sun.
    • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant.
    • Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding.

    Side Effects

    • Belly pain.
    • Upset stomach or throwing up. Many small meals, good mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.
    • Loose stools. Yogurt or probiotics may help. You may get these products at health food stores or in some pharmacies.
    • Tendons may rarely get irritated and tear.
    • Unsafe allergic effects may rarely happen.

    Contact a healthcare provider

    • If you think there was an overdose, call your local poison control center or ER right away.
    • Signs of a very bad reaction to the drug. These include wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat.
    • A fast heartbeat.
    • Very upset stomach or throwing up.
    • Very loose stools, even after drug is stopped.
    • Pain in back of the ankle.
    • Joint pain or swelling.
    • Very bad muscle pain or weakness.
    • Numbness or tingling in your hands or feet.
    • Seizures.
    • Any rash.
    • Health problem is not better or you are feeling worse.

    General Statements

    • If you have a very bad allergy, wear an allergy ID at all times.
    • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
    • Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
    • Most drugs may be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.
    • In Canada, take any unused drugs to the pharmacy. Also, visit http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/med/disposal-defaire-eng.php#th to learn about the right way to get rid of unused drugs.
    • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
    • Call your doctor for help with any side effects. If in the U.S., you may also call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or if in Canada, you may also call Health Canada's Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.
    • Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including OTC, natural products, or vitamins.

    Author information
    • Copyright © 1978-2010 Lexi-Comp Inc. All rights reserved.

    Copyright © 2011 Natural Standard (www.naturalstandard.com)


    The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.

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