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Table of Contents > Drug > Baclofen Print

Baclofen

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Notes
Related terms
Uses
Dosing
Safety
Author information

Notes

    Related terms
    • U.S. Brand Names: Gablofen®;Lioresal®
    • Canadian Brand Names: Apo-Baclofen®;Dom-Baclofen;Lioresal®;Liotec;Med-Baclofen;Mylan-Baclofen;Novo-Baclofen;Nu-Baclo;PHL-Baclofen;PMS-Baclofen;ratio-Baclofen;Riva-Baclofen
    • Pharmacologic Category: Skeletal Muscle Relaxant

    Uses
    • This medicine is used as a muscle relaxant.
    • This medicine is used to stop hiccups.
    • This medicine is used to treat bladder spasms.
    • This medicine is used to treat spasms in patients with multiple sclerosis or spinal cord disease.
    • Baclofen works through the brain to relieve pain, spasms, and hiccups.

    Dosing

    How to take

    • Take this medicine with or without food. Take with food if it causes an upset stomach.
    • A liquid (suspension) is available if you cannot swallow pills. Shake well before use.
    • Those who have feeding tubes can also use the liquid. Flush the feeding tube before and after medicine is given.
    • This medicine is used in combination with rest, physical therapy, pain medicine, and other therapies.
    • Injection:
    • This medicine is given as a shot into the spine.

    Missed Dose

    • Take a missed dose as soon as possible.
    • If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and return to your regular schedule.
    • Do not change dose or stop medicine. Talk with healthcare provider.
    • Do not take a double dose or extra doses.

    Storage

    • Store at room temperature.
    • Protect tablets from moisture. Do not store in a bathroom or kitchen.
    • Store liquid (suspension) in a refrigerator. Throw away any unused portion after 35 days.
    • The injection will be given to you in a healthcare setting. You will not store it at home.

    Safety



    Warnings

    • Injection: Do not suddenly stop taking this medicine. Serious reactions can occur.

    Avoid

    • If you have an allergy to baclofen or any other part of this medicine.
    • Tell healthcare provider if you are allergic to any medicine. Make sure to tell about the allergy and how it affected you. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other symptoms involved.

    Precautions

    • If you are 65 or older, use this medicine with caution. You could have more side effects.
    • If you have been taking this medicine for several weeks, talk with healthcare provider before stopping. You may want to gradually withdraw this medicine.
    • If you have kidney disease, talk with healthcare provider.
    • If you have seizures, talk with healthcare provider.
    • Check medicines with healthcare provider. This medicine may not mix well with other medicines.
    • You may not be alert. Avoid driving, doing other tasks or activities until you see how this medicine affects you.
    • Avoid alcohol (includes wine, beer, and liquor) or other medicines and natural products that slow your actions and reactions.
    • Tell healthcare provider if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant.
    • Tell healthcare provider if you are breast-feeding.

    Side Effects

    • Feeling lightheaded, sleepy, having blurred vision, or a change in thinking clearly. Avoid driving, doing other tasks or activities that require you to be alert or have clear vision until you see how this medicine affects you.
    • Feeling dizzy. Rise slowly over several minutes from sitting or lying position. Be careful climbing.
    • Nausea or vomiting. Small frequent meals, frequent mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.

    Monitoring

    • Change in condition being treated. Is it better, worse, or about the same?

    Contact a healthcare provider

    • If you suspect an overdose, call your local poison control center or emergency department immediately.
    • Signs of a life-threatening reaction. These include wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue skin color; fits; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat.
    • Feeling extremely tired or weak.
    • Any rash.
    • No improvement in condition or feeling worse.

    General Statements

    • If you have a life-threatening allergy, wear allergy identification at all times.
    • Do not share your medicine with others and do not take anyone else's medicine.
    • Keep all medicine out of the reach of children and pets.
    • Most medicines can be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.
    • In Canada return any unused drugs back to the pharmacy. Also, visit http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/med/disposal-defaire-eng.php#th for more facts about the right way to get rid of unused drugs.
    • Keep a list of all your medicines (prescription, natural products, supplements, vitamins, over-the-counter) with you. Give this list to healthcare provider (doctor, nurse, nurse practitioner, pharmacist, physician assistant).
    • Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or in Canada to Health Canada's Canada Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.
    • Talk with healthcare provider before starting any new medicine, including over-the-counter, natural products, or vitamins.

    Author information
    • Copyright © 1978-2010 Lexi-Comp Inc. All rights reserved.

    Copyright © 2011 Natural Standard (www.naturalstandard.com)


    The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.

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