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Table of Contents > Drug > Hydroxyzine Print

Hydroxyzine

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Notes
Related terms
Uses
Dosing
Safety
Author information

Notes

    Related terms
    • U.S. Brand Names: Vistaril®
    • Canadian Brand Names: Apo-Hydroxyzine®;Atarax®;Hydroxyzine Hydrochloride Injection, USP;Novo-Hydroxyzin;Nu-Hydroxyzine;PMS-Hydroxyzine;Riva-Hydroxyzine
    • Mexican Brand Names: Atarax
    • Pharmacologic Category: Antiemetic;Histamine H1 Antagonist;Histamine H1 Antagonist, First Generation;Piperazine Derivative

    Uses
    • It is used to relieve allergy symptoms.
    • It is used to treat anxiety.
    • It is used to treat nausea and vomiting.
    • Hydroxyzine blocks the allergic reaction by minimizing or preventing the body's reaction to the allergen.
    • It calms the brain.
    • It affects the vomiting center in the brain.

    Dosing

    How to take

    • Oral:
    • Take with or without food. Take with food if it causes an upset stomach.
    • A liquid (suspension, syrup) is available if you cannot swallow pills. Shake suspension well before use.
    • Those who have feeding tubes can also use the liquid. Flush the feeding tube before and after this drug is given.
    • Injection:
    • It is given as a shot into a muscle.

    Missed Dose

    • Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it.
    • If it is close to time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and return to your normal time.
    • Do not take two doses or extra doses.
    • Many times this drug is taken on an as needed basis.

    Storage

    • Oral:
    • Store at room temperature.
    • Protect from light.
    • Protect capsules and tablets from moisture. Do not store in a bathroom or kitchen.
    • Injection:
    • This drug will be given to you in a healthcare setting. You will not store it at home.

    Safety



    Avoid

    • If you have an allergy to hydroxyzine or any other part of this drug.
    • Tell healthcare provider if you are allergic to any drugs. Make sure to tell about the allergy and what signs you had. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs involved.
    • If you are less than 12 weeks pregnant.

    Precautions

    • If you are 65 or older, use this drug with caution. You could have more side effects.
    • Check drugs with healthcare provider. This drug may not mix well with other drugs.
    • You may not be alert. Avoid driving, doing other tasks or activities until you see how this drug affects you.
    • Avoid alcohol (includes wine, beer, and liquor) or other drugs and natural products that slow your actions and reactions.
    • Tell healthcare provider if you are breast-feeding.

    Side Effects

    • Feeling lightheaded, sleepy, having blurred vision, or a change in thinking clearly. Avoid driving, doing other tasks or activities that require you to be alert or have clear vision until you see how this drug affects you.
    • Feeling dizzy. Rise slowly over several minutes from sitting or lying position. Be careful climbing.
    • Dry mouth. Frequent mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.
    • Headache.

    Monitoring

    • Change in health problem being treated. Is it better, worse, or about the same?
    • Dry mouth may cause an increase in cavities. Take good care of your teeth. See a dentist regularly.

    Contact a healthcare provider

    • If you suspect an overdose, call your local poison control center or ER right away.
    • Signs of a very bad reaction to the drug. These include wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue skin color; fits; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat.
    • Unable to pass urine.
    • Big change in thinking clearly and logically.
    • Big change in balance.
    • Feeling extremely tired or weak.
    • Very nervous and excitable.
    • Any rash.
    • Health problem is not better or you are feeling worse.

    General Statements

    • If you have a very bad allergy, wear allergy ID at all times.
    • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
    • Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
    • Most drugs can be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.
    • In Canada return any unused drugs back to the pharmacy. Also, visit http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/med/disposal-defaire-eng.php#th for more facts about the right way to get rid of unused drugs.
    • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, supplements, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to healthcare provider (doctor, nurse, nurse practitioner, pharmacist, physician assistant).
    • Call your doctor for health help about side effects. You may also call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or in Canada to Health Canada's Canada Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.
    • Talk with healthcare provider before starting any new drug, including OTC, natural products, or vitamins.

    Author information
    • Copyright © 1978-2010 Lexi-Comp Inc. All rights reserved.

    Copyright © 2011 Natural Standard (www.naturalstandard.com)


    The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.

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