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Table of Contents > Drug > Mannitol Print

Mannitol

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Notes
Related terms
Uses
Dosing
Safety
Author information

Notes

    Related terms
    • Brand Names: U.S.: AridolT;Osmitrol
    • Brand Names: Canada: Osmitrol®
    • Mexican Brand Names: Photoderm Max Bio
    • Pharmacologic Category: Diagnostic Agent;Diuretic, Osmotic;Genitourinary Irrigant

    Uses
    • Shot:
    • It is used to treat brain swelling.
    • It is used to lower high eye pressure.
    • It is used to help get rid of unwanted substances in the body.
    • Powder for breathing in:
    • It is used during an asthma test.
    • It gets rid of extra salt and water in the body.

    Dosing

    How to take

    • Shot:
    • It is given as a shot.
    • For breathing in only.
    • Powder for breathing in:
    • This drug will be given to you by a doctor.

    Missed Dose

    • Many times this drug is taken on an as needed basis.

    Storage

    • This drug will be given to you in a hospital or doctor's office. You will not store it at home.

    Safety



    Warnings

    • Powder for breathing in:
    • This drug is for use only during an asthma test. It is given by breathing in liquid only. You will be closely watched by your doctor.

    Avoid

    • If you have an allergy to mannitol or any other part of this drug.
    • Tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs. Make sure to tell about the allergy and what signs you had. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
    • Shot:
    • If you have any of these health problems: Bleeding in the brain, fluid loss, very bad kidney disease, kidney or heart problems during past use, or water in the lungs.
    • Powder for breathing in:
    • If you have any of these health problems: Bleeding in the brain, recent heart attack, recent stroke, or very high blood pressure.

    Precautions

    • All products:
    • Check all drugs you are taking with your doctor. This drug may not mix well with some other drugs.
    • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant.
    • Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding.
    • Shot:
    • If you have heart disease, talk with your doctor.
    • If you have kidney disease, talk with your doctor.
    • If you have lung disease, talk with your doctor.

    Side Effects

    • Shot:
    • Low potassium levels. Signs include feeling tired, weak, numbness, or tingling; muscle cramps; hard stools (constipation); throwing up; or a fast heartbeat.
    • Feeling dizzy. Rise slowly over a few minutes when sitting or lying down. Be careful climbing.
    • Headache.
    • Upset stomach or throwing up. Many small meals, good mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.
    • Dry mouth. Good mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help. See a dentist often.
    • Powder for breathing in:
    • Headache.
    • Cough.
    • Upset stomach.

    Contact a healthcare provider

    • If you think there was an overdose, call your local poison control center or ER right away.
    • Signs of a very bad reaction to the drug. These include wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat.
    • Trouble breathing.
    • Signs of low potassium.
    • Very bad dizziness or passing out.
    • Very upset stomach or throwing up.
    • Very bad headache.
    • Chest pain or pressure or a fast heartbeat.
    • Sudden change in eyesight.
    • Not able to pass urine.
    • Seizures.
    • Very bad swelling.
    • Any rash.
    • Health problem is not better or you are feeling worse.

    General Statements

    • If you have a very bad allergy, wear an allergy ID at all times.
    • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
    • Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
    • Most drugs may be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.
    • In Canada, take any unused drugs to the pharmacy. Also, visit http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/med/disposal-defaire-eng.php#th to learn about the right way to get rid of unused drugs.
    • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
    • Call your doctor for help with any side effects. If in the U.S., you may also call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or if in Canada, you may also call Health Canada's Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.
    • Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including OTC, natural products, or vitamins.

    Author information
    • Copyright © 1978-2010 Lexi-Comp Inc. All rights reserved.

    Copyright © 2011 Natural Standard (www.naturalstandard.com)


    The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.

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