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Table of Contents > Drug > Nevirapine Print

Nevirapine

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Notes
Related terms
Uses
Dosing
Safety
Author information

Notes

    Related terms
    • Brand Names: U.S.: Viramune®;Viramune® XRT
    • Brand Names: Canada: Auro-Nevirapine;Viramune®
    • Mexican Brand Names: Viramune
    • Pharmacologic Category: Antiretroviral Agent, Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor (Non-nucleoside)

    Uses
    • It is used to treat HIV infection.
    • It is used during labor in women who have HIV but have not been treated.
    • Nevirapine works to harm the virus and fight the infection.

    Dosing

    How to take

    • To gain the most benefit, do not miss doses.
    • Use as you have been told, even if you are feeling better.
    • Take with or without food. Take with food if it causes an upset stomach.
    • Long-acting tablet: Swallow it whole. Do not chew, break, or crush it.
    • There is a liquid (suspension) if you cannot swallow pills. Shake well before use.
    • Those who have feeding tubes may also use the liquid. Flush the feeding tube before and after this drug is given. If liquid (suspension) is poured in a cup, rinse the cup with water and drink to get all of the drug.

    Missed Dose

    • Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it.
    • If it is close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time.
    • If you miss 7 days of this drug, call your doctor to find out what to do.
    • Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.
    • Do not change the dose or stop this drug. Talk with the doctor.

    Storage

    • Store at room temperature.
    • Protect tablets from water. Do not store in a bathroom or kitchen.

    Safety



    Warnings

    • Very bad liver and skin problems have been reported. Your doctor will watch you closely during the first 18 weeks of therapy. During the first 14 days, a lower dose of the drug is used for less skin rashes. If you have a bad skin reaction, an allergy, or any signs of hepatitis, NEVER take nevirapine again.
    • Unsafe side effects may happen. This drug cannot be taken while you are taking some other drugs. Check all the drugs you are taking with your doctor.
    • Please read the medication guide.

    Avoid

    • If you have an allergy to nevirapine or any other part of this drug.
    • Tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs. Make sure to tell about the allergy and what signs you had. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
    • If you have very bad liver disease.

    Precautions

    • Do not run out of this drug.
    • If you have had hepatitis or liver disease, talk with your doctor.
    • Have your blood work checked often. Talk with your doctor.
    • Check all drugs you are taking with your doctor. This drug may not mix well with some other drugs.
    • Do not take St John's wort with this drug. This drug may not work as well.
    • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant.
    • To protect from diseases caused by having sex, use a latex condom.
    • Use birth control that you can trust to stop pregnancy in HIV disease.
    • Do not breast-feed if you have HIV disease and live in the U.S.

    Side Effects

    • Headache.
    • Upset stomach or throwing up. Many small meals, good mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.
    • Feeling tired or weak.
    • Loose stools.
    • Belly pain.
    • Harm to the liver may rarely happen.

    Contact a healthcare provider

    • If you think there was an overdose, call your local poison control center or ER right away.
    • Signs of a very bad reaction to the drug. These include wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat.
    • Very bad belly pain.
    • Very upset stomach or throwing up.
    • Not able to eat.
    • Very bad mouth irritation.
    • Very bad muscle pain or weakness.
    • Dark urine or yellow skin or eyes.
    • Feeling very tired or weak.
    • Sudden change in eyesight, eye pain, or irritation.
    • Very bad skin irritation.
    • Any rash.
    • Health problem is not better or you are feeling worse.

    General Statements

    • If you have a very bad allergy, wear an allergy ID at all times.
    • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
    • Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
    • Most drugs may be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.
    • In Canada, take any unused drugs to the pharmacy. Also, visit http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/med/disposal-defaire-eng.php#th to learn about the right way to get rid of unused drugs.
    • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
    • Call your doctor for help with any side effects. If in the U.S., you may also call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or if in Canada, you may also call Health Canada's Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.
    • Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including OTC, natural products, or vitamins.

    Author information
    • Copyright © 1978-2010 Lexi-Comp Inc. All rights reserved.

    Copyright © 2011 Natural Standard (www.naturalstandard.com)


    The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.

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